Understanding Donation


The Donation Process

From Tragedy to Triumph

One person’s decision to share the gift of life has the power to bring something positive to a tragic situation. It allows someone else to experience the triumph that comes from receiving a second chance at life.


Donation Process

- The donation process begins when a hospital contacts the local organ recovery organization, as required by Federal law, to report a death.

- The recovery agency coordinator makes an initial evaluation as to the medical suitability of the individual for organ, eye and/or tissue donation.

- If the individual is suitable for donation, the recovery agency coordinator will access the Ohio Donor Registry to determine if the decedent was registered as a donor. If the individual is not registered, the coordinator will discuss the option of donation with the individual's next of kin.

- Upon obtaining documentation of consent, either by first-person consent (Ohio Donor Registry) or by the individual's family, an appropriate donor match is made.

  • To be eligible for organ donation, an individual must be declared brain dead and maintained on a ventilator.
  • In special circumstances, organ donation may be possible following cardiac death. Eye and tissue donation, on the other hand, take place after either brain death or cardiac death, and ventilator maintenance is not necessary.
  • The recovery of organs is conducted in an operating room under the direction of qualified surgeons, and tissue recoveries are performed in qualified rooms using aseptic technique. Neither disfigures the body nor changes the way it looks in a casket.
  • Following organ, eye and/or tissue recovery, depending on the circumstances of the death, the body is released to the coroner/medical examiner or to the funeral home of the family's choice.
Recipient Determination
  • Organs are matched to recipients through the United Network of Organ Sharing based on body size, blood type, medical urgency and geographic location as it relates to travel time.
  • When it comes to saving lives, the allocation process does not discriminate on account of race, gender, age, income or any other factor.
  • Names and locations of the organ and/or tissue recipients are kept confidential, and the identity of the donor is not revealed to the recipients.